ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that interfere with daily functioning and development. ADHD can affect children and adults and can manifest differently depending on age, gender, and other factors. Common symptoms include difficulty focusing, excessive fidgeting or restlessness, and impulsivity in decision-making [1]. 

A young child and a physician at an ADHD evaluation.

Signs of ADHD in Children  

Common signs of ADHD may include: 

  • Difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities 

  • Challenges with following through on instructions or tasks 

  • Being easily distracted by external stimuli 

  • Frequently forgetting daily activities or losing items 

  • Fidgeting, squirming, or experiencing challenges with remaining seated in appropriate situations 

  • Talking excessively or blurting out answers before questions have been completed 

  • Having emotional outbursts 

  • Interrupting or intruding on others' conversations or activities [2] 

Diagnosis and Treatment 

Diagnosing ADHD involves a comprehensive evaluation by healthcare professionals, including pediatricians, neurologists, psychiatrists, or psychologists. Assessment typically includes a review of symptoms, medical history, and behavioral observations. Treatment approaches for ADHD often include a combination of medication, behavioral therapy, and educational interventions tailored to the individual's needs [3]. 

Supporting Children with ADHD 

Caregivers can support children with ADHD by creating structured routines, breaking tasks into manageable steps, providing clear and consistent expectations, encouraging regular physical activity, teaching relaxation techniques, and offering praise and encouragement for positive behaviors. Additionally, caregivers can help ensure their child’s success in school and other environments and foster consistency by communicating their child’s unique needs and strengths to educators, healthcare providers, and other important figures in their child’s life. 

Cortica's Services for ADHD 

At Cortica, we understand the unique challenges faced by children with ADHD and their families. Our multidisciplinary team of experts provides comprehensive assessment and personalized treatment plans tailored to each child’s needs. From medication management to therapy and educational support, we offer a holistic approach to addressing the complexities of ADHD. Through our innovative and evidence-based interventions, we empower children with ADHD to thrive and reach their full potential. Our goal is to support families in navigating the journey of ADHD with compassion, expertise, and personalized care. 


Erin Hildebrandt
Author: Erin Hildebrandt, MS, CPNP-PC, PMHS, ATC